UNIQUE Case for International Recognition of Somaliland


The following introduction and material presented in this case is by courtesy of www.somalilandlaw.com, built and maintained by Dr. Ibrahim Hashi.


SL Pro Map

The UNIQUE Case for the International Recognition of the Republic of Somaliland 

The Republic of Somaliland re-asserted its sovereignty in May 1991 after a thirty-year union with neighbouring Somalia which culminated in a long civil war and genocidal attacks on the people of Somaliland.  Somaliland is not a region which has seceded from a country, but is a state, which was, for a brief period in 1960  an independent country  known as the STATE OF SOMALILAND but hastily united voluntarily with another state (Somalia) and then  ended that union, albeit unilaterally, in 1991.  

Reduced to a practical level, “recognition is an authoritative statement issued by competent foreign policy decision-makers in a country so as to signal the willingness of their state to treat with a new state or to accept that factual or legal consequences flow from a new situation”.  Despite the traditional international law debates of whether recognition was declaratory in nature or constitutive and the allied criteria for statehood,  these no longer mark the most salient dividing line in the law of recognition and

rather, the critical tension in recognition law is concentrated along two axes, in ways related to the traditional debate but distinct from it: first, along the axis between recognition conceived as a legal act and recognition conceived as a political act; and second, along an axis between  a collective and a unilateral process of recognition.” (Grant T.D (1999) The Recognition of States Law and Practice in Debate and Evolution, Praeger, Westport, Conn., page xx.)

Indeed the case of Somaliland is a good illustration of how political considerations  and emphasis on OAU/AU collective action  have so far acted to deny it international recognition for over two decades.   Yet, as can be seen in many of the articles and papers in this page, Somaliland meets the traditional requirements of a state and has acted as sovereign independent state since May 1991. The following documents set out in more detail the case for recognition of the Republic of Somaliland and provide  further relevant information about Somaliland’s statehood, national identity and quest for international recognition.

The Case for Somaliland Recognition By Mahamoud Adan Jama, Jan 29, 2015

The pdf file attached below was published in 2012 by Mohamed Hussein Daud and presents a strong case for Somaliland recognition (www.somalilandlaw.com):




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