Mass grave found in former Boko Haram-held town in Nigeria

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Soldiers Liberate Nigerian Town from Boko Haram: VICE News Capsule, March 20Boko Haram: What you need to knowTroops from Niger and Chad discovered a mass grave with more than 90 decomposed bodies near a northern Nigerian town recently retaken from the Islamic militant group BokoHaram, security sources from both countries said Friday.

The corpses, some of them beheaded, were found in a shallow mass grave under a bridge just outside the Nigerian town of Damasak, near the border with Niger, the sources said.

Troops from Niger and Chad took back the town from Boko Haram last week during a joint operation, the security sources said.

Damasak is in Borno, one of several northern states inhabited by the Islamist militant group. Borno is in the northeast corner of Nigeria and borders Niger, Chad and Cameroon.

Boko Haram has terrorized northern Nigeria regularly since 2009, attacking police, schools, churches, mosques and civilians. It has kidnapped students, including more than 200 schoolgirls who were abducted in April 2014 and remain missing.

The group, its naming meaning “Western education is forbidden,” has said its aim is to impose a stricter form of Sharia law across Nigeria.

(Source: CNN)

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Boko Haram crisis: At least 70 bodies found in Nigerian town

Chadian soldiers drive in the recently retaken town of Damasak, Nigeria, 18 March 2015.
Chadian and Niger troops liberated Damasak, which is near the border with Niger, on Saturday

At least 70 bodies have been found dumped outside the town of Damasak in north-eastern Nigeria, after it was recaptured from BokoHaram militants.

The victims appear to have been killed some time ago, as the bodies were partially mummified by the desert air.

Troops from Niger and Chad seized Damasak on Saturday, ending months of control by the Islamist militants.

Earlier, Nigeria’s President Goodluck Jonathan predicted Boko Haramwould lose all territory within a month.

“They are getting weaker and weaker by the day,” he told the BBC on Friday.

Damasak is a trading town in Borno state near Niger’s border and is about 200km (120 miles) from the state’s main city of Maiduguri.

It was overrun by the militants, who began their insurgency in 2009 to create an Islamic state, at the end of last year.

Many of those found in Damasak had had their throats slits and some had been decapitated. It is not yet known who the victims were.

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Chadian army Col Azem Bermandoa Agouna told AFP news agency that he had seen “about 100 bodies spread under a bridge just outside the town”.

Together with the Nigerian army, forces from Chad, Niger and Cameroon are involved in an offensive against the Islamist insurgents who began taking over territory about a year ago – after being pushed out of their base in Maiduguri.

Nigeria is preparing to hold presidential elections on 28 March aftersecurity concerns led to a postponement of the original date in mid-February.

‘Under-rated external influence’

President Jonathan’s government has been heavily criticised for its failure to end the six-year insurgency in the north-east.

He admitted that the government has been surprised by the group’s progress.

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Boko Haram at a glance:

Wanted poster for Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau in Maiduguri, Nigeria - May 2013
  • Founded in 2002, initially focused on opposing Western-style education – Boko Haram means “Western education is forbidden” in the Hausa language
  • Launched military operations in 2009 to create an Islamic state
  • Thousands killed, mostly in north-eastern Nigeria – has also attacked police and UN headquarters in capital, Abuja
  • Abducted hundreds, including at least 200 schoolgirls
  • Controls several north-eastern towns
  • Launched attacks on neighbouring states

Can regional force beat Boko Haram?

Why is Boko Haram so strong?

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“We never expected that [Boko Haram] will build up that kind of capacity. We under-rated their external influence. Since after the civil war we’ve not fought any war, we don’t manufacture weapons, so we had to look for help to re-equip our army and the air force,” he told the BBC.

The government has made similar claims in the past about defeating or driving back Boko Haram within a specific period – but these have not been borne out by events.

Boko Haram promotes a version of Islam which makes it “haram“, or forbidden, for Muslims to take part in any political or social activity associated with Western society.

Earlier this month, the group pledged allegiance to Islamic State militants, who control large parts of Syria and Iraq and are also active in Libya.

The violence in north-eastern Nigeria has killed more than 15,500 people since 2012.

 (Source: BBC)

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