Somalia gives China license to exploit its shores and put local fishermen out of business
In what appears to be a repeat of the famous biblical story of Esau selling his birthright to his younger brother, Jacob, for a bowl of porridge, Somalia has sold its birthright to China; but this time, the bargain was done for much less than the worth of a bowl of porridge to a hungry man.
Within a year of taking office as the president of Somalia, Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo has given fishing license to 31 Chinese fishing companies through the Chinese Overseas Fisheries Association.
Under the agreement, the foreign fishing companies will have control over the Somalia waters to exploit the large presence of tuna and tuna-like species in its coastal waters.
It is disheartening that this is coming at a time when local fishermen in the country are competing with foreign vessels whose presence continues to affect the fishing stock in the region. One would have thought that the government would empower local fishermen and enact laws that protect the interests of local fishermen and businesses. However, they have further plunged locals into a crisis by making the exploitation official.
Apart from the disadvantages this new agreement will pose to local fishermen and businesses, there is the security treat.
Somalia has surrendered Africa’s largest coastline to foreigners which further puts the country and the entire African continent at risk, especially from a security and economic perspective. The heavy presence of foreign vessels along the coastline of a country which is a major entry point to a defenseless continent like Africa is indeed a threat.
On its part, the government said the agreement was signed in a bid to tap into the sector, towards boosting economic growth. How it plans on boosting economic growth through an agreement with the China Overseas Fisheries Association – a group founded in 2012 to ‘promote’ East Asia’s competitive fishing edge abroad, remains a miracle waiting to happen.
It is alarming how a country can sign an agreement with a group whose core value is to promote its own selfish interest while exploiting others.
China will begin its operation this month on a one-year agreement with an automatic renewal for an additional year. The Somalia government in its defense claims that the foreign vessels are restricted to “operate between 24 nautical miles (44 kilometers) to the seaward side of the Somali baseline and the Somali baseline in order to protect small-scale fishing operations.”
How this will be implemented and how fishing 44 kilometers to the seaward side of Somalia will not affect the stock closer to shore and thereby put local fishermen out of business remains a question without answers.